CurrentStabilisation

Funktion

One device, multiple tasks:

  • Power Supply for LEM ULTRASTAB via D-Sub
  • Read current & transduce to Voltage with high precision option
  • Set current via analog input
  • switch current on/off via MOSFET control
  • PID feedback to (high current) power supply including sample and hold option
  • PID feedback to MOSFET to control / switch current with output offset
  • interlock (ULTRASTAB status, external)

Optionen und Alternativen

  • instead of ULTRASTAB D-Sub, a BNC can be connected to current input
  • via population you can select whether to measure current or voltage (no shunt resistor). Then it should be usable as dual PID.
  • PSU output limit (0-10V) can easily be disabled

Performance

FIXME

Date

Begin of Project: Oktober 2016

Status

  • schematic and pcb layout done on KiCad
  • version v1a ordered at Basista on 2016-11-01, 3 pc for prototyping

Aufwand für Nachbau: FIXME

Entwickler

Christian Meiners, meiners@iqo.uni-hannover.de

Main Ideas based on prototypes an schematics from Klaus Zipfel.

Anwender

VLBAI Magnesium

Schaltungsprinzip

current from LEM ultrastab is transduced to voltage using a shunt and a diffamp. A error signal is generated by adding a iverted set signal. This error signal is fed into two PIDs. PID A has A Sample and hold option which works as follows: the PID output is fed into the S&H circuit, once activated the S&H outputs a constant voltage which was previously the PID output signal. At the same time the difference between this constant voltage and the actual PID output voltage is fed as a new error signal to the PID input.

  • The S&H feature can be enabled / disabled via TTL. If disabled the output returns to zero on disable.
  • PID B returns to zero on disable using the same mechanism but without the S&H feature.
  • all digital inputs are optocoupled
  • all analog inputs are differential
  • the MOSFET out can drive high capacity
  • the PSU output is limited to 0-10V

Schematic

Layout

  • PCB size: 160 x 100 mm
  • Supply: > +/-15V
  • Inputs:
    • Ultrastab (D-Sub) or Current/Voltage (BNC)
    • control voltage to set the current,
    • TTL enable
    • TTL enable S&H
    • TTL interlock
  • Outputs:
    • current monitor
    • error monitor
    • PSU control
    • MOSFET control
  • Displays: none
  • PCB population plan: frontback
  • Die Bestückungsliste:
  • Die gezippten Gerberdaten für die Bestellung der Platine
  • Die Source des Layouts im pcb-Format liegt auf der Download-Seite des Wiki. FIXME

Housing

In progress, Hammond for 160*100 mm, Height?

FIXME

Test

Up to now only PID A is populated (exept D) after Hacking the logic at the S&H IC, it works as expected. after switching in hold mode, the current seems to be a bit lower than the initial setpoint. this might be caused by the big hold capacitor. Maybe after 0.5 sec. it is not entirely loaded. The hold time seems to be huge, after 30s there is almost no change visible, seems to be a fraction of a Millivolt. So it might be an option to change the Cap to a smaller one, leading to a smaller hold time, but a more precise hold value.

The idea of having the current on for a longer time before switching to hold mode didn't rally help, so it doesn't seem to be an problem related to the loading curve of the hold cap. after a hold time of ~4 minutes, the current monitor voltage dropped from ~39.6 mV to 39 mV.

FIXME

Usage

Input Signals

Input Type Description
ULTRASTAB (D-SUB) analog current (differential) current input from current transducer,\\can be modified to differential voltage input.
Current set analog voltage (differential) current setpoint
enable digital voltage (optocoupled) high: PIDs enabled, outputs active
low: disabled, MOSFET out turned to zero.
S&H digital voltage (optocoupled) high: S&H active, PID A holds voltage on disable
low: S&H diasbled, PID A returns to zero on disable
interlock digital voltage (optocoupled) high: device operational,
low: all outputs off, PIDs return to zero

Jumper Settings

Jumper # Feature options
1 Current monitor output reference pin 1 (right): normal gnd
pin 3 (left): clean gnd
2 MOSFET output selection pin 1 (right): PID B (without S&H)
pin 3 (left): PID A (with S&H)
3 Enable Input usage pin 1 (left): connect enable in
pin 3 (right): connect to gnd, permanent enable
4 ULTRASTAB interlock usage pin 1 (top): ULTRASTAB interlock used
pin 3 (bottom): ULTRASTAB interlock ignored
5 External Interlock usage pin 1 ( left): ext. interlock used
pin 3 (right): ext. interlock ignored
6 Sample and Hold usage pin 1 (bottom): S&H input connected
pin 3 (top): S&H permanently enabled
No Jumper: S&H permanently disabled

FIXME

Bilder

Kalkulation

FIXME

was wieviel E-Preis Preis Anmerkung
Leiterplatte 1x ??.?? € 1/n von XXX EUR
Gehäuse 1x ??.?? €
* ?x ??.?? €
R,C ??x 0.02 € Bauform 0805
Bestückung ??.00 € bei SRM
Verschnitt ?.?? €
Summe

Meckerliste

Was für die nächste Version zu tun ist: (:no:: verworfen, :Ok:: in Arbeit, :ok:: im Schaltplan, aber noch nicht im Layout, :OK:: erledigt)

  • :OK: Logic at S&H is wrong. On prototypes (v1a) it can be hacked (pins 10 & 11 have to be interchanged).
  • :OK: add values for Zener diodes
  • :OK: add diodes across voltage regulators to protect them
  • :OK: 5V regulator is TS78L05ACY pinout (out - gnd - in)
  • :OK: change Mosfet ouput stage to twice noninverting. negative offset added on the nagative input of frist OpAmp, such that the MOSFET pulldown works
  • :OK: add footprints for IC shields for instr. Amps and sum
  • :OK: larger cutout for XLR Power input
  • increase through hole sizes (hard to unsolder)
  • :OK: supply capacitors laying on rear side
  • :OK: interlock status leds
  • :OK: add second ref footprint parallel in current set path for more gain flexibility